Learn the Present Simple Tense in Albanian (with examples)

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****The Present Simple Tense is used to describe actions or situations that are habitual, routine, or universally true. This guide outlines the conjugation forms of the present simple tense in Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative Form, along with some examples.

Conjugation for Regular Verbs

For regular verbs, you generally add the suffix ‘j’ to the verb stem. Examples include: mësoj (to learn), këndoj (to sing), lexoj (to read), shkruaj (to write), thyej (to break).

Affirmative Form:

  • Unë lexoj (I read)
  • Ti lexon (You read, singular)
  • Ai lexon (He reads)
  • Ajo lexon (She reads)
  • Ne lexojmë (We read)
  • Ju lexoni (You read, plural)
  • Ata lexojnë (They read – masculine)
  • Ato lexojnë (They read – feminine)

Negative Form:

The negative form in the present simple tense is formed by using the particle “nuk” before the verb.

  • Unë nuk kuptoj. (I don’t understand)
  • Ne nuk flasim. (We don’t talk)
  • Ai/Ajo nuk dëgjojnë. (He/She doesn’t listen)

Interrogative Form:

The interrogative form is used by inverting the subject and verb, or by using the question particle “A”.

  • A kupton ti? (Do you understand?)
  • A flasim ne? (Do we speak?)
  • A dëgjon ai/ajo? (Does he/she listen?)

Note on Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs do not follow these regular conjugation patterns. They will be discussed and explained more thoroughly in another lesson.

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