How to talk about nationalities in Albanian language?

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Donika

11.05.2024

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Talking about nationalities in Albanian involves using adjectives to describe where someone is from. Here is a guide on how to do it:

Basic Structure

In Albanian, nationality adjectives usually follow a pattern where you add the suffix “-an,-en -ez,” for male and “-e” for females. For example:

  • American: amerikan (male), amerikane (female)
  • Moroccan: maroken (male), marokene (female)
  • English: anglez (male), angleze (female)

Examples

  • He is Brazilian. Ai është brazilian.
  • She is Italian. Ajo është italiane.
  • I am Japanese. Unë jam japonez/ japoneze.

Exceptions

Some nationalities do not follow this pattern. For example:

  • Albanian: shqiptar (male), shqiptare (female)
  • Greek: grek (male), greke (female)
  • Turkish: turk (male), turke (female)
  • Belgian: belg (male), belge (female)
  • Spanish: spanjoll (male), spanjolle (female)
  • Croatian: kroat (male), kroate (female)
  • Polish: polak (male), polake (female)
  • Turkish in plural can be said: “turk” or “turq”, depending on the context.

Plural Form

To make nationalities plural, you add the suffix “ë” for both genders. For example:

  • Germans - gjermanë
  • Dutch - holandezë
  • Montenegrins - malazezë

Usage of Capital Letters

In Albanian, nationalities are not capitalized, unless they appear at the beginning of a sentence.

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